Stages of Construction
If you are buying a Melbourne property off-the-plan or
you intend to construct a building on a piece of land you own, it would be to your
benefit to understand the sequence in which a building is constructed. The
Stages of Construction are summarised below:
Planning & Design:
Site plans, building plans,
specifications, drawings and other documentation are prepared by
the building team (which includes the architect, engineer, or
builder). The planning and/or building permit is applied for,
costing, insurance and project planning schedules are completed.
Material and labour are organised.
The site is cleared,
the position of the building is 'set out', any necessary
earthworks are carried out to level the site and site
drainage is constructed according to plans and
specifications. If required retaining walls are
constructed as well. For security fences are
Individual or continuous
footings are constructed. Depending on the foundation design,
timber floor frames/steel floor systems/reinforced concrete
slabs are laid.
Frame Stage: The structure of the building is
constructed in this stage. Depending on the design, a choice
of mass constr uction/masonry, light frame construction (steel
or timber) or brick veneer is used. The roof frame is also
constructed during this stage.
Lock-up Stage: The external walls and roof are completed,
external doors (either permanent or temporary) and windows are
fixed. To protect against the weather, vandalism, squatters,
animals or theft the building is locked up.
The internal cladding,
skirtings, architraves, doors, built-in components (such
as sanitaryware, kitchen cabinets and
cupboards) are fitted and fixed.
Stage/Completion: Kitchen and
bathroom appliances, services (water, gas and
electricity), HVAC systems (i.e. heating, ventilation
and cooling), IT cabling, audiovisual and vacuum
cleaning systems are installed. All internal and
external painting and decoration, landscaping, driveway,
paving, fences and gates are